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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Oct;1820(10):1463-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2012.05.004. Epub 2012 May 17.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids cause apoptosis in C. albicans and C. dubliniensis biofilms.
Thibane VS, Ells R, Hugo A, Albertyn J, van Rensburg WJ, Van Wyk PW, Kock JL, Pohl CH.
Department of Microbial, Biochemical and Food Biotechnology, University of the Free State, P. O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300, South Africa. [email protected]
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have antifungal properties, but the mode by which they induce their action is not always clear. The aim of the study was to investigate apoptosis as a mode of action of antifungal PUFAs (stearidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosapentaenoic acid) which are inhibitory towards biofilm formation of C. albicans and C. dubliniensis.
Candida biofilms were grown in the absence or presence of 1mM PUFAs (linoleic acid, stearidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid) for 48h at 37°C. The effect of these PUFAs on the membrane fatty acid profile and unsaturation index, oxidative stress, mitochondrial transmembrane potential and apoptosis was evaluated.
When biofilms of C. albicans and C. dubliniensis were exposed to certain PUFAs there was an increase in unsaturation index of the cellular membranes and accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). This resulted in apoptosis, evidenced by reduced mitochondrial membrane potential and nuclear condensation and fragmentation. The most effective PUFA was stearidonic acid.
The resultant cell death of both C. albicans and C. dubliniensis is due to apoptosis.
Due to the increase in drug resistance, alternative antifungal drugs are needed. A group of natural antifungal compounds is PUFAs. However, understanding their mechanisms of action is important for further use and development of these compounds as antifungal drugs. This paper provides insight into a possible mode of action of antifungal PUFAs.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
PMID: 22609876 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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